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解读: 《新时代防震减灾事业现代化纲要(2019-2035年)》
时间:  2021-03-29 16:00:45       来源:  

jiedu: 《xinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuagangyao(2019-2035nian)》


weijiakuaituijin《xinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuagangyao(2019-2035nian)》(yixiajiancheng《gangyao》)shishigongzuo,zhongguodizhenjudangzuchengyuan、fujuzhangminyirendui《gangyao》beijing、mubiao、renwudengwentijinxinglejiedu。

yi、《gangyao》chutaidebeijingheyiyi。

dangdeshijiudaquedinglexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzuoweiwomendangdezhidaosixiang,miaohuiledaobenshijizhongyequanmianjianchengshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguodehongweilantu。xijinpingzongshujizaishijiudabaogaozhongzhichu,congshijiudadaoershida,shi“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaodelishijiaohuiqi。womenjiyaoquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、shixiandiyigebainianfendoumubiao,youyaochengshiershangkaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengcheng,xiangdiergebainianfendoumubiaojinjun。

2018nian10yue10ri,xijinpingzongshujizaizhongyangcaijingweidisancihuiyishangfabiaoleyingyatiyutigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglidezhongyaolunshu,duitigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglijinxingzhuanmenbushu,shenkechanshutigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglidezhongdayiyi、gongzuofangzhen、zhidaosixiang、jibenyuanzehezhongdianrenwu,mingquetichuyaotuijinziranzaihaifangzhitixihefangzhinenglixiandaihua,zongshujidejianghuaweixinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshezhimingleqianjinfangxiang,tigonglegenbenzunxun。

dangdeshijiudazhihouguojiajinxinglejigougaige,zujianleyingjiguanlibu,goujianlebaokuodizhenzaihaizaineidedayingjigeju,zaixindexingshixia,duixinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuatichulegenggaodeyaoqiu。

weishenruguanchexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixianghedangdeshijiudajingshen,quanmianluoshixijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaizhongyaolunshu,2018nian6yue,zhongguodizhenjudangzuzuochuledalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshedezhanlvebushu,chutailedalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshedeyijian(yixiajiancheng《yijian》),mingquelexiandaihuajianshesangejieduandezhanlveanpai,goujianlefangzhenjianzaikexuejishu、yewutixi、fuwunengli、shehuizhilisigefangmiandexiandaihuabuju。2018nian10yuehe2019nian3yue,zhongguodizhenjudangzulilunxuexizhongxinzuweiraozongshujizhongyaojianghua,jiutigaodizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhinenglizuzhiliangcizhuantixuexi,tichulefangfanhuajiedizhenzaihaifengxiandezhongdianrenwu,jiushiyaodalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe,shishidizhenyifaqufangwusheshijiagudengsidagongcheng。jinqi,weijinyibutuijinfangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe,zhongguodizhenjudangzuyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchexijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaihetigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglizhongyaolunshu,renzhenluoshiguojiayingjiguanlitizhigaigezongtibushu,jiehexinxingshixinyaoqiudui《yijian》jinxinglebuchongwanshan,dui《yijian》quedingdezhanlveanpai、bujuherenwujinxinglexihua,yinfa《gangyao》。

《gangyao》shiguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaihetigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglizhongyaolunshudejutijucuo,shiguancheluoshidangdeshijiudajingshenhe《guowuyuanyingyatiyujinyibujiaqiangfangzhenjianzaigongzuoyijian》(guofa〔2010〕18hao)dezhongyaotixian。《gangyao》jinjinweiraoguominjingjishehuifazhanheguojiazhongdazhanlve,zheyanyuguojiafangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuadeshijiao,zongtibawoguojiafangzhenjianzaishiyefazhandeshijiyuqushi,shihangaidizhenxitongneiwai、baokuozhenggexitongdexiandaihuajiansheganglingxingwenjian,shituidongfangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuadezhongyaozhuashou。《gangyao》defabuheshishijiangzaijinhoujiaozhangdeyiduanshiqi,mingquedizhenxitongdeqianjinfangxiang,tongyidajiadexingdong,jijiyindaodizhenxitongguangfankaizhanxiandaihuashijian,quebaoxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuamubiaoshixian,zuodaoyizhanglantugandaodi。

er、《gangyao》bianzhideguocheng。

《gangyao》bianzhigongzuoyu2018nian6yueqidong,lishi11geyue,qijianjudangzutongzhiduocijiuxiangguangongzuojinxingjutibushu。zhuyaokaizhanleyixiagongzuo:

yishimingquebianzhisilu。yixijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaihetigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglizhongyaolunshuweigenbenzunxun,jijirongrujingjishehuifazhandajuheguojiadayingjiguanlitizhi,zhunquebawoxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshedeneihan,chongfentixianjudangzufazhansiluhezhanlvebuju,luoshishenhuagaigeyaoqiu,kexuemouhuashiyefazhanmubiao。

ershishenrukaizhandiaoyan。zujianledizhenxitongneiwaililiangzuchengdezhuanjiazu,duocizhaokaiyantaohui,bingfuzhejiang、shandong、sichuan、guangdong、beijingdengdiquheqinghuadaxuegongguanxueyuan、qixiangjufazhanyanjiuzhongxindengjinxingguangfandiaoyan,buduanwanshan《gangyao》neirong。

sanshiguangfanzhengqiuyijian。《gangyao》duocizhengqiuledizhenxitonggedanwei、bufengaoxiaojixiangguanxingyedeyijianjianyi。julingdaozhuchiliucizhuantihuiyanjiushenyi,jingguofanfutaolunheyanjiu,zuizhongwancheng《gangyao》。

san、《gangyao》sheli2020nianyu2035nianlianggemubiaojiediandekaolv。

《gangyao》sheli2020nianzuoweijinqifazhanmubiao,zheigemubiaoyu《guowuyuanyingyatiyujinyibujiaqiangfangzhenjianzaigongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2010〕18hao)dierjieduanfendoumubiaobaochiyizhi。dao2020nianjibenxingchengdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhi、jibenyewu、kejichuangxin、shehuizhilixiandaihuadefazhankuangjia,zheiyu《fangzhenjianzaiguihua(2016-2020nian)》xiangqihe,yeshidangzhongyangguowuyuantichudemingqueyaoqiu,gengshibaozhangquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuideyaoqiu。

《gangyao》sheli2035nianfazhanmubiao,mubiaoshidao2035nian,quanguojibenshixianfangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihua。zheiyu“shijiuda”quelideguojiaxiandaihuajianshe“liangbuzou”diyijieduanzhanlvemubiaojiedianxiangxianjie。2035nianmubiaomiaozhunjibenshixianxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihua,tichujianchengxiandaihuadizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhi、jibenyewu、kejichuangxinheshehuizhilisidatixidefendoumubiao。jibenshixianxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuaxuyaozhangqiguihua、chixujianshe。dao2035nianhaiyou16nianshijian,womenkeyigenjuguojiaxuqiubianhua、jingjishehuihekejifazhandengqingkuang,buduandiaozhenghefengfuxiandaihuaneihan,zaidizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhi、dizhenjibenyewu、dizhenkejichuangxin、fangzhenjianzaishehuizhilisidatixixiandaihuajiansheshangzuodaogengquanmian、gengxitongdefazhan。

womenyinggaiqingchudirenshidao,shixianzheilianggejiediandemubiaodouburongyi。muqian,fangzhenjianzaigongzuohaicunzaizheyixieduanbanheboruohuanjie,yuguojixianjinshuipinghaicunzaichaju,zheiduiguangdadizhengongzuozheeryan,jishichendiandiandeyali,gengshiqianjindedongli。

si、weiraojiakuaixinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuadezhanlvemubiao,《gangyao》mouhuabushudezhongdianrenwu。

《gangyao》zaizhuyaorenwufangmian,tuchudizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhi,qianghuadizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangfuwu,jujiaojibenyewufazhan,jiaqiangkejihexinxihuazhicheng,xiangguojiadayingjiguanlitizhitigongjishuzhichengfuwubaozhang。

yishitishengdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhishuiping,zheishiquanmianluoshixijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyutigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglizhongyaolunshu,quanmiantishengquanshehuidizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhinenglideshouyaozhengzhirenwu。

ershiqianghuadizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangfuwunengli,zheishiluoshidangheguojiajigougaigeyaoqiu,zhichengguojiadayingjiguanlitizhidezhongyaozhize。

sanshijiakuaifazhandizhenjibenyewu,zheishituidongfangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe,tishengfangzhenjianzaigongzuonenglidezhongyaojichu。

sishijiaqiangdizhenxinxihuajianshe,tishengdizhenxinxihuashuiping,yixinxihuatuidongxiandaihua。

wushijiaqiangdizhenkejichuangxin,tishengdizhenhexinjishushuiping,zheishitixianfangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuashuipingdezhongyaozhibiao。

liushiqianghuafazhijiansheherencaifazhan,wanshanfangzhenjianzaifalvtixikuangjia,jianshegaosuzhizhuanyehuachuangxinxingrencaiduiwu,zheishifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuadezhongyaobaozhang。

tongshi,jiang“ziranzaihaifangzhizhongdiangongcheng”rongru《gangyao》,weigongchengdelixiangshishitigongguihuayiju。

wu、《gangyao》detuchutedian。

《gangyao》yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguancheluoshidangdeshijiudajingshen,jianliledizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhitixi、dizhenjibenyewutixi、kejichuangxintixiheshehuizhilitixi,juyouyixiajigetedian:

yishituchuzhengzhitongling。《gangyao》qizhixianmingditichujianchidangduifangzhenjianzaishiyedequanmianlingdao,wanshandangweilingdao、zhengfufuze、shehuixietong、gongzhongcanyu、fazhibaozhangdedizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhigongzuojizhi,guangfandongyuanquanshehuililiang,dalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe。jianchiyixijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaihetigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglizhongyaolunshuweigenbenzunxun,jianchiyirenminweizhongxin,jinjinweiraotongchoutuijin“wuweiyiti”zongtibujuhexiediaotuijin“sigequanmian”zhanlvebuju,guanche《zhonggongzhongyangguowuyuanyingyatiyutuijinfangzaijianzaijiuzaitizhijizhigaigedeyijian》,renzhenluoshiguojiayingjiguanlitizhigaigezongtibushu,shizhongbaochifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuazhengquefangxiang。

ershituchufengxianfangzhi。《gangyao》jianchiyirenweiben,batishengdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhishuipingfangzaizhongyaoweizhi,bingqianghuadizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangfuwunengli,quebaoshixianqieshijianshaorenyuanshangwang,zuidaxiandujianqingdizhenzaihaifengxianhesunshidegenbenmubiao。《gangyao》jianchiyufangweizhu,yikexuerenshihebawodizhenzaihaiguilvweijichu,yidizhenzaihaifengxianguanliweizhuxian,qiangdiaoguankouqianyihezhudongfangyu,yiquanmiantishengquanshehuidizhenzaihaifengxianzonghefangfannengli。《gangyao》yijianligaoxiaokexuededizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhitixiweizhongdian,xihuadizhenzaihaifengxiandiaocha、pingguhezhilidequanliantiaogehuanjierenwu,yitishengdizhenanquanfuwuweiyinling,jiakuaidizhenjianceyujing、dizhenfengxiandiaochapinggu、dizhenyucehexingyeyingyongdengdizhenjibenyewufazhan,zhelixingcheng“dizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhiquanmiantongling、xiandaidizhenjibenyewuyoulizhicheng”derenwubuju。

sanshituchuchuangxinqudong。《gangyao》qiangdiaofangzhenjianzaishiyedekejishuxing,qiangdiaokexuerenzhihebawofangzaijianzaijiuzaishiyefazhanguilv,zhichengyinlingxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihua。《gangyao》jianchirencaiyouxianfazhan,bajianshegaosuzhi、zhuanyehua、chuangxinxingdizhenrencaiduiwuzuoweishiyefazhandezhongdian,zhubuxingcheng“yintianxiayingcaierjuzhi、jutianxiayingcaieryongzhi”dehuanjing。《gangyao》guanchexinfazhanlinian,luoshiguojiagaozhiliangfazhanyaoqiu,batigaoxinxihuashuipingzuoweishiyefazhandezhongyaomubiao,quanmianbujudizhenxinxihuajianshe,jiakuaituijinshujuwajue、rengongzhineng、5gdengxinxingxinxijishuzaisidatixideyingyonghegengxinhuandai。

sishizhuzhongguihuashishi。qiangdiaohongguanyindaoyujutixingdongxiangjiehe,tichuleyixiliekecaozuo、keluoshidezhanlverenwu。zhuzhongkexuetuijinxiandaihuajincheng,mingqueleshishilujinghebaozhangcuoshi,bianshishi、bianpinggu、bianwanshan。

liu、dao2035nianhaiyoushiliunianshijian,quebao《gangyao》shejimubiaorenwushixiandezhuyaocuoshi。

《gangyao》yijingzhengshifabushishi,xiayiburuheyouxiaodiguancheshishi,quebaofazhanmubiaodeshixian,xuyaozuohaoyixiajifangmiangongzuo:

yishitigaozhengzhizhanwei。jiaqiangdangduifangzhenjianzaishiyedequanmianlingdao,jiaqiangdangdejianshegongzuo。zhongguodizhenjuchenglixiandaihuajianshelingdaoxiaozu,fuzegangyaoshishidetongchouxiediao。gedanweirenzhenluoshizhutizeren,xihuaxiandaihuajianshederenwucuoshi,quebaogangyaorenwuyouxutuijin。

ershiyigaigecufazhan。yaobashenhuagaigetongxiandaihuajiansheyoujijieheqilai,gedanweiyaoduijiefangzhenjianzaiquanmianshenhuagaigeyuxiandaihuajianshedejuticuoshi,quebaoxitongxingditongbutuijin。

sanshiwanshancaizhengtouruzhichengtizhi。chongfenfahuishuangzhongjihuacaiwutizhideyoushi,jianlixiangshiyingdecaizhengzijintourujizhi,tuokuanzijintouruqudao,chouhuashishijuyouquanjuxing、zhangyuanxingyingxiangdezhongdiangongchenghezhongdianxiangmu,qianghuaxiangmubaozhang。

sishijiaqianggenzongpinggu。jianlijianquanjianchapingguzhidu,zuoweituijinxiandaihuajianshedekaoheyiju。gedanweigenjudangdihedanweitedian,zhidingxiandaihuajianshenianduzhongdianrenwu,dingqibaogaogongzuojinzhan。jianlihewanshanxiandaihuapingjiazhibiaotixihepingjiazhidu,jiaqiangnianduzhixingqingkuangdejiandujiancha。

qi、《gangyao》yu“shisanwu”、“shisiwu”guihuadeguanxi。

《gangyao》zaishijianshangmingqueledao2035niandefazhanmubiao,hangaile“shisanwu”、“shisiwu”shiqi;zaiguanxishang,dui“shisanwu”guihuashifazhanhexihua,dui“shisiwu”guihuashilantuhezhiyin。

fangzhenjianzai“shisanwu”guihuayinfashishiliangnianduonianlai,fangzhenjianzaishiyemianlinlexindexingshiheyaoqiu,judangzuyezuochuledalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshedezhanlvebushu,《gangyao》zaiquebaowancheng“shisanwu”guihuamubiaohezhuyaorenwudejichushang,jieheshiyegaigefazhanxuyao,dui2020nianfazhanmubiaozuojinyibufazhanwanshanhexihuashihua。

weilaijiangyaoqidongbianzhidefangzhenjianzai“shisiwu”guihua,zai《gangyao》yijingquedingdeweilai16nianshiyefazhanlantudeqiantixia,mingque“shisiwu”guihuadezhongdianshidalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe,zaifazhanmubiaoyuzhuyaorenwushangjujiaoyudao2025niandejieduanxingmubiaorenwu,zaiguihuaneirongshangyu《gangyao》jinmixianjie。

ba、dangqiantuijinluoshi《gangyao》dezhuyaogongzuo。

riqianzhongguodizhenjuyichenglixiandaihuajianshelingdaoxiaozujiqibangongshi,yinfale2019nianxiandaihuabangongzuoyaodian。dangqiantuijinluoshi《gangyao》dezhuyaogongzuoshianzhaogongzuoyaodianzhuajintuijin2019niangexiangzhongdiangongzuo,zhuyaobaokuo:

yishiwancheng《gangyao》renwufenjie。yaomingquerenwufengonghexihuayaoqiu,huijigejizhengfu、bumenheshehuigefangliliang,xingchengquanshehuigongtongfangfanhuajiedizhenzaihaifengxiandegeju。yaomingquezerencengcengchuandaoyali,xingchengdizhenxitongshangxiagongtongtuijinxiandaihuajianshedeheli,quebaogexiangrenwuluodaoshichu。

ershiluoshigedanweizhutizeren。jushugedanweidouyaochenglixiandaihuajianshelingdaojigou,binggenju《gangyao》youzhenduixingdizhidingbendanweituijinxiandaihuajianshedeshishifangan。geyewuzhongxin、yanjiusuodengzhishudanweiyaoqieshilvxinghao“guojiadui”zhize,yinlinghezhichengbenlingyufangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe;geshengjuyaochongfenfahuidifang“zhulijun”zuoyong,tongchouzuohaobenquyufangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe。

sanshituijinzhongdaxiangmushishi。yaoduijieguojiaziranzaihaifangzhinenglijianshejiudagongcheng,anzhaoyingjiguanlibudetongyibushuhegongzuoyaoqiu,jijizuzhiningliandizhenzaihaifengxiandiaochahezhongdianyinhuanpaichagongcheng、dizhenyifaqufangwusheshijiagugongcheng、dizhenzaihaijianceyujingxinxihuagongchenghedizhenzaihaifangzhijishuzhuangbeixiandaihuagongchengdengsigezhongdaxiangmu,zuohaoxiediaoxianjie,zhengquxiangmulixiangheqidongshishi。yaozuohaoguojiadizhenliedusubaoyuyujinggongchengxiangmu、“yidaiyilu”dizhenjiancetaiwangxiangmu、dizhenkexueshiyanchangxiangmudengzhongdagongchengxiangmushishi,jinkuaitishengzishennengli。geshengjuyaozhuajinzuohao“shisanwu”xiangmushishi,jijizhengqudifangxiangmuzijin,haiyaotiqianmouhua“shisiwu”guihuayuyan,zuohaozhongdaxiangmuninglian。

sishituijinxiandaihuashidianshifan。tuijinxiandaihuashidianshengjianshe,fahuishifanyinlingzuoyong;zaizhishushiyedanweizhongxuanzeshidian,kuodafugaileixing;zaijianceyubaoyujing、zhenzaiyufang、kejirencaidenglingyutuijinshidian,kuodashidianfugailingyu;zongjieshidianjingyan,xingchengyipikefuzhiketuiguangdejingyan。

wushikaizhanxiandaihuapingguzhibiaotixijianshe。kaizhanxiandaihuapinggukaohezhibiaoyanjiu,jinyibubianzhiwanchengxiandaihuazhibiaotixi,zhidaoxiandaihuajianshepinggu,mingquexiandaihuajianshedaoxiang。


《新时代防震减灾事业现代化纲要(2019-2035年)》


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