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新时代防震减灾事业现代化纲要(2019-2035年)
时间:  2021-03-29 16:02:02       来源:  

一、纲要背景

fangzhenjianzaishiyeshiguojiagonggonganquandezhongyaozuchengbufen,shijichuxing、gongyixingshiye,shiguanrenminqunzhongshengmingcaichananquanhejingjishehuikechixufazhan。dalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe,shiguancheluoshixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdezhongyaojucuo,shitigaodizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhinenglidebiyouzhilu,shifangfanhuajiedizhenzaihaifengxiandebiranyaoqiu。

gaigekaifangyilai,fangzhenjianzaishiyebuduanfazhanzhuangda,jianlijianquanledizhenjianceyubao、zhenzaiyufang、jinjijiuyuansandagongzuotixi,zhidingshishile《zhonghuarenmingongheguofangzhenjianzaifa》、《guowuyuanyingyatiyujinyibujiaqiangfangzhenjianzaigongzuodeyijian》(guofa〔2010〕18hao)dengfalvfaguihezhidaozhengce,fangzhenjianzaizonghenenglidedaojidatisheng,gaoxiaoyingduihechuzhileyixiliezhongtedadizhenzaihai,weibaozhangrenminshengmingcaichananquanheguojiajingjishehuifazhanzuochuleyingyoudegongxian。dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaoduzhongshifangzhenjianzaigongzuo,xijinpingzongshujiduocijiufangzhenjianzaigongzuozuochuzhongyaozhishipishi,duociqinfuzaiquzhidaokangzhenjiuzaigongzuo,tichule“lianggejianchi、sangezhuanbian”dengxinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve。zaidangzhongyang、guowuyuanjianqianglingdaoxia,fangzhenjianzaitizhijizhijinyibuwanshan,jianceyujingnenglijinyibutisheng,fengxianfangfannenglijinyibuzengqiang,fangzhenjianzaigexianggongzuoqudexinjinzhan。

dangdeshijiudayilai,yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchexijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaihetigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglizhongyaolunshu,renzhenluoshiguojiayingjiguanlitizhigaigezongtibushu,fangzhenjianzaishiyefazhantashanglexinzhengcheng。zhongguodizhenjudangzuzhiding《yingyatiyurenzhenguanchexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang dalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshedeyijian》,mingquelefangzhenjianzaishiyefazhanzhanlvemubiao,miaohuilefazhanlantu。

weidalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe,bengangyaomianxiangjingjishehuifazhanxuqiu,mianxiangguojikejiqianyan,zaishixian2020nianfangzhenjianzaishiyefazhanmubiaojichushang,jinyibumingque2035nianjibenshixianfangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuadezongtimubiaohezhuyaorenwu。

er、zongtiyaoqiu

(yi)zhidaosixiang

yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,shenruguanchedangdeshijiudajingshen,quanmianguanchexijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaihetigaoziranzaihaifangzhinenglizhongyaolunshu,jinjinweiraotongchoutuijin“wuweiyiti”zongtibujuhexiediaotuijin“sigequanmian”zhanlvebuju,jianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,guanchexinfazhanlinian,luoshigaozhiliangfazhanyaoqiu,quanmianshenhuagaige,shishichuangxinqudong,dalituijinxinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe,yijianligaoxiaokexuededizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhitixiweizhongdian,quanmiantishengdizhenzaihaifangzhinengli,weigenghaodibaohurenminshengmingcaichananquan、jueshengquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、quanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiazuochujijigongxian。

(er)jibenyuanze

jianchidangdequanmianlingdao,shizhongbaochifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuazhengquefangxiang。fangzhenjianzaishiyeshiyixiangxitonggongcheng,shejigegefangmian,bixujiaqiangdangdejizhongtongyilingdao,chongfenfahuishehuizhuyizhiduyouyuexing,youhuafangzhenjianzaigongzuotizhijizhi,dongyuanquanshehuililiang,jijicanyufangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshe。

jianchiyirenweiben,barenminqunzhongshengminganquanfangzaishouwei。jianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,bazuohaofangzhenjianzaifuwurenminzuoweichufadianheluojiaodian,yifuwuyinlingfangzhenjianzaishiyedefazhan,buduanzengqiangquanminfangzhenjianzaiyishi,qieshijianshaorenyuanshangwang。

jianchiyufangweizhu,laogushulidizhenzaihaifengxianguanlilinian。kexuerenshihebawodizhenzaihaiguilv,qianghuadizhenzaihaifengxianguanli,guankouqianyi,zhudongfangyu,quanmiantishengdizhenzaihaifengxianzonghefangfannengli,zuidaxiandujianqingdizhenzaihaifengxianhesunshi。

jianchigaigechuangxin,tuidongfangzhenjianzaishiyeshixiangaozhiliangfazhan。jianchiwentidaoxiang,zhelipochutizhijizhizhangai,buduanjifashiyefazhandehuolihedongli。lizuyewufazhanxuqiu,mianxiangkexuejishuqianyan,dalituijindizhenkejichuangxin,buduantishengshiyefazhandezhilianghexiaoyi。

jianchiguojihezuo,weigoujianrenleimingyungongtongtizuochujijigongxian。jijikaizhanquanfangwei、kuanlingyu、duocengcideguojijiaoliuhezuo,jianchiyinjinlaihezouchuquxiangjiehe,xuexijiejianguojixianjinjingyanhegongxianzhongguozhihuixiangjiehe,zhelizaigoujianrenleimingyungongtongtideshijianzhongzhanxianxinzuowei。

(san)fazhanmubiao

dao2020nian,jibenxingchengyoudizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhitixi、dizhenjibenyewutixi、kejichuangxintixi、shehuizhilitixigouchengdexiandaihuafangzhenjianzaishiyefazhankuangjia,dizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhinenglibuduantigao,dizhenzaihaiduishouzaiqunzhonghejingjishehuideyingxiangmingxianjianqing,dizhenfuwuheyewudexinxihua、biaozhunhuashuipingxianzhetisheng,dizhenkejifazhanyuguojixianjinshuipingtongbu,shehuizhilitizhijizhigengjiashiyingdizhenanquanxuqiu,weiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuitigongdizhenanquanbaozhangfuwu。

dao2035nian,quanguojibenshixianfangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihua。jibenjianchengdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhi、dizhenjibenyewu、kejichuangxinheshehuizhiliweiyitidejiegouwanshan、gongnengxianjindejuyouzhongguotesedefangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuatixi,guanjianlingyuhexinjishushixianzhongdiantupo,xinxihuashuipingbuduantigao,jibenshixianfangzhijingxi、jiancezhineng、fuwugaoxiao、kejixianjin、guanlikexuedexiandaizhihuifangzhenjianzai,dizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhinenglixianzhezengqiang,dizhenkejiburushijieqiangguozhilie,dizhenanquanbaozhangfuwunenglixianzhetisheng。

——xitongwanbei、xietongpeihe、gaoxiaokexuededizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhitixi。

xingchengquanshehuigongtongfangfanhuajiedizhenzaihaifengxiandegeju,wanchengquanguodizhenzaihaifengxiandiaochahezhongdianyinhuanpaicha、dizhenyifaquchengxiangfangwusheshijiagu,shixianhedian、shuikudabadengguojiazhongdajianshegongchengdizhenzaihaifengxianpingguquanfugai,dizhenzaihaifengxianquanmianjiangdi,dizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhidadaoguojixianjinshuiping。quanminfangzhenjianzaikexuesuzhixianzhetigao。dizhenyingjijiuyuanfuwuxiangyingxunsu、baozhangyouli。gonggongfuwugongzhongmanyidu85fenyishang。

——jishuxianjin、gongnengwanshan、zonghejiyuededizhenjibenyewutixi。

jianchengyoucezhenguancewanghediqiuwuliguancewangzuchengdefugaiwoguoluhaijizhoubiandiqudelitiguancexitong,zhongdiandiquzhenhou5—10miaofabudizhenyujingxinxi,1—2fenzhongfabudizhencanshuzidongsubaoxinxi,dizhenyuceyoujingyantongjiyucexiangwulishuzhiyucetuozhan。xingchengdizhenzaihaifengxiandiaochapinggunengli,wanchengzhongguodaluhezhongdianjinhaihaiyuzhuyaodizhenhuodongduancengyijidijiyishangchengshidizhenhuodongduancengtanchayuzaihaifengxianpinggu,bianzhiduobilichi、gaojingdudewoguodalujihaiyudizhendongcanshuquhuatu、dizhendizhizaihaiquhuatuhedizhenzaihaifengxianquhuatu。

——kaifanghezuo、zhichengyinling、chongmanhuolidedizhenkejichuangxintixi。

xingchengtixianwoguodiyutedian、juyouzhongyaoguojiyingxiangdedizhenkejiyoushilingyu,zaidaluqiangzhenjiliyuyucejishu、dizhenjianceyujingjishu、dizhenchengzaijiliyujianzaijishudenglingyushixianzhongdatupo。kejichengguozhuanhuayingyongshuipingquanmiantisheng,jishuzhuangbeixiandaihua、chanyehuashuipingxianzhezengqiang。peiyangzaojiuyipijuyouzhongyaoguojiyingxiangdelingjunrencaihechuangxintuandui,xingchengzhongguotesededizhenkejichuangxintixi。dizhenkejidadaoshijieyiliushuiping。

——duoyuangongzhi、baozhangyouli、shanzhigaoxiaodefangzhenjianzaishehuizhilitixi。

fangzhenjianzaifalvfagui、biaozhuntixiheguihuatixixitongwanbei,yifazhilitixikexueguifan、yunxingyouxiao,yifaxingzhengnenglixianzhezengqiang。zhengfu、shehui、gongzhonggongtongcanyudegongzuojizhigengjiawanshan。xiandaixinxijishuyufangzhenjianzaigongzuoshenduronghe,xingchengjiyuegaoxiaoanquandexinxiyewutixi。ganburencaichengzhanghuanjinggengjiayouhua,xingchengyizhijiegouheli、gaosuzhizhuanyehuadeganburencaiduiwu。

san、tishengdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhishuiping

(yi)jianquanwanshandizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhigongzuogeju

1.dizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhizerenfengongtixi

guanche《zhonggongzhongyangguowuyuanyingyatiyutuijinfangzaijianzaijiuzaitizhijizhigaigedeyijian》,wanshandangweilingdao、zhengfuzhudao、shehuixietong、gongzhongcanyu、fazhibaozhangdedizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhigongzuojizhihefugaichengxiangdezuzhitixi。jianchishudiweizhu、fenjifuzedeyuanze,jiangdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhinarudifangjingjishehuifazhanguihua、zhengfujixiaokaohehegonggongcaizhengyusuan,tuidongdifangzhengfuzhutizerenluoshi。jianchi“sheishenpi、sheifuze”deyuanze,tuidongxingyezhuguanbumenzaigelingyudedizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhiguanlizerenluoshi。jianquandiqu、bumenhezuojizhi,shenhuadizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhixinxigongxiangheziyuanzhenghe。jianlijianquandizhengongzuozhuguanbumendizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhifuwuyujianduzeren,zhidaohejiandudizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhigongzuoluoshi。chuangxinxiangzhen、shequdizhenquncequnfangyubaozhangfuwugongzuotizhijizhi,quanmiantuijinchengxiangzonghejianzaishifanshequ(cun)jianshe,fahuishequzuzhihegongminzaidizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhizhongdezhongyaozuoyong。

2.shehuililiangheshichangcanyujizhi

yanjiuzhidingguliqishiyedanwei、shehuizuzhi、zhiyuanzhedengshehuililiangcanyudizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhidezhengcecuoshi,yinrushichangjizhi,youhuaziyuanpeizhi,chongfenfahuishehuizuzhi、jicengzizhizuzhihegongzhongzaizaihaifengxianfangzhidengfangmianzuoyong。fuchijicengshequjianlizhiyuanzheduiwu,bingcujinqifazhanzhuangda。dajianshehuililiangcanyupingtai,jijiyindaoshehuililiangcanyudizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhigongzuo。

(er)jiaqiangdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhinenglijianshe

1.dizhenzaihaifengxianguanli

yidizhenzaihaifengxiandiaocha、pingguhezhiliweiliantiao,goujianjidizhenhuodongduancengtancha、zaihaifengxianquhua、zaihaiyinhuanjiance、zaihaifengxianyujing、zaihaifengxianjiangdihezhuanyiyijidizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhixiaoyipingguweiyitidequanliuchengdizhenzaihaifengxianguanlitixi。kaizhandizhenzaihaifengxiandiaochahezhongdianyinhuanpaicha,jianliguifandedizhenhuodongduancengtanchayewu,xingchengchangtaihuadedizhenzaihaiyucishengzaihaiduobumenlianhediaochajizhi。kaizhanduochidudizhenzaihaifengxianquhua,yifajiaqiangduichengxiangguihua、zhongdajianshexiangmudedizhenzaihaifengxianpinggu。quanmianluoshikangzhenshefangyaoqiu,tuidongchengshikangzhenfangzaiguihuaheyingjibinanchangsuoguihualuoshi。kaizhandizhenyifaqufangwusheshikangzhenjiagu,tuiguangyingyongjiangezhenjishu。tuijindizhenzaihaifengxianfendanhezhuanyijizhi,tuidongjianlidizhenjuzaibaoxianzhidu。jianlidizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhixiaoyipingguyewu。

2.dizhenzaihaifengxianyujingxinxifabuhechuanbo

kaizhandizhenzaihaijianceyujingxinxihuajianshe,jianlidizhenzaihaifengxianjianceyujingyewu。jianchengbumenlianhe、shangxiaxianjie、guanliguifandedizhenzaihaifengxianyujingxinxifabutixi,shixiandizhenyifaquchengxiangquanfugai。chongfenliyongguojiayingjiguangbodengchuantongmeiti、yidonghulianwangdengxinmeitixinxiziyuan,jianshelitihuachuanbowangluohegexinghuajieshouzhongduan,jishituisongdizhenzaihaifengxianyujingxinxidaoxingyedaocun(shequ)daohudaogeren。

(san)qianghuagonggongdizhenanquanfuwu

1.gonggongdizhenanquanfuwujizhi

fahuizhengfuzaigonggongdizhenanquanfuwuzhongdezhudaozuoyong,zhidinghewanshanxiangguanfalv、faguihebiaozhun,qianghuadizhenanquanfuwubiaozhunshishiyingyong,tuijingonggongdizhenanquanfuwuguifanhuaguanli。fahuidizhenxitongshiyedanweizhutizuoyong,zhidingfuwuqingdan,dajianfuwupingtai,fengfufuwuchanpin,jianchengshiyingxuqiu、kuaisuxiangying、jiyuegaoxiaodexinxingdizhenanquanfuwutixi,qianghuaduigonggongdizhenanquanfuwudezhicheng。jianchenggonggongdizhenanquanfuwushichangxinyongtixi,wanshanjianduzhidu,shixianshizhongshihoujianguanchangtaihua,wanshanduobumenlianhejianguanjizhi。

2.renxingchengxiangdizhenanquanfuwu

jujiaojingjinjixietongfazhan、zhangjiangjingjidai、xionganxinqu、yuegangaodawanqudengguojiazhongdafazhanzhanlve,kaizhanquyudizhenzaihaifengxiandiaochahepinggu,tigongdizhenzaihaifengxianquhuafuwu。weirao“anquanfazhanchengshi”jianshehe“xiangcunzhenxingzhanlve”shishi,weizhengfu、xingyebumentigongdizhenzaihaifengxianquhua、kangzhenjishufangfatuiguangyingyongyijidizhenbaoxianjishuzhichengdengfuwu。

3.zhongdagonggongdizhenanquanfuwu

zaizhongdahuiyi、luntan、bolanhuidengzhongyaohuodongqijiantigongdizhenanquanbaozhangfuwu。mianxiang“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiahediqu,weiqizhongdajichusheshihezhongdagongchengjianshetigongdizhenzaihaifengxianpinggufuwu。mianxiangshuili、nengyuan、jiaotong、zhujian、shiyou、huagongdengzhongdianxingyeheguofangjianshe,dalifazhandizhenzaihaifengxianyujing、zhongdagongchengdizhenzaihaifengxianpinggudengfuwu。mianxiangshehuigongzhonggexinghuadexuqiu,chongfenliyongxinmeitihexinjishu,tigongzhinenghua、jingzhunhuadezhenqingxinxisubaohedizhenzaihaifengxianxinxifuwu。

(si)jiaqiangfangzhenjianzaikexuepuji

fanrongkepuzuopinchuangzuo,chanchushiyingbutongduixiangdeduoyuanhuazuopin,jiadaduizuopinyuanchuangdefuchi,dazaoxiliekepujingpin。qianghuakepuzhendijianshe,tuijinfangzhenjianzaikepunarudifangzonghekepuchangguantixi。chuangxinkepuchuanbofangshi,gulikaizhankepuzengzhifuwu,shixianfenzhongchuanbohejingzhuntuisong。chuangxinkepuhuodongfangshi,tuijinpinpaijianshe,kuodakepuhuodongyingxianglihefugaimian,dalitishenggongzhongfangzhenjianzaiyishijiyingjibixian、zijiuhujiujineng。

si、qianghuadizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangfuwunengli

(yi)wanshandizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhanggongzuojizhi

1.dizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangyuanyuyanlian

genjuguojiayingjiguanliyuantixiyaoqiu,wanshanzhongguodizhenjuhegejidizhenjigouyingjixiangyingbaozhangyuan。jianlijianquandizhenxitongtongyilingdao、fenjiguanli、zhizemingque、fanyinglingmin、yunzhuangaoxiaodedizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangjizhi。dingqikaizhanyingjixiangyingbaozhangyanlian,tigaoyingjixiangyingbaozhangfanyingnengli。

2.zhenqingzaiqingjinjikuaibaogongzuojizhi

anzhaoyingjiguanlibutongyibushu,jianliquanguotongyi、xietonggaoxiaodezhenqingzaiqingjinjikuaibaogongzuojizhi。wanshangejidizhenjigouyuyingjibumenjiandeyingjixiediaoliandongjizhi,qianghuaquyuliandongxiezuo。jianquanquanguodizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangzhibanzhishouzhidu。

(er)jiaqiangzhenqingzaiqingxinxibaozhang

1.zhenqingzaiqingxinxifuwu

anzhaoyingjiguanlibuyaoqiukaizhangongzuo,tigongquanliantiaozhenqingzaiqingxinxibaozhangfuwu。kaizhandizhenzhongdianjianshifangyuqudizhenzaihaisunshiyupinggu、diaochapinggu,jiaqiangdizhenjiance,chongshidizhenyingjishuju,zuohaodizhenyingjizhunbei。zhenshitigongdizhensubao、liedusubaodengdizhenjinjikuaibaoxinxi。qianghuazaiqingxinxizhuanbao,zhenhoukuaisutigongzaiqingsubao、qushipanding、zaiqingpinggujieguohezaiqingshishidongtaixinxi,tichujingzhunhuafuzhujuecejianyi。zuzhikaizhanxianchangdiaochahezaihaisunshipinggu,bianzhidizhenliedutu,tigongzhenqingzaiqingxinxifuwu。

2.dizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangjishuzhicheng

wanshantongyidedizhenyingjixiangyingbaozhangjishupingtai,jiaqiangjianceyujingshujuchulifenxi,kuaisu、jishi、zhunqueditigongjingzhunhua、zhinenghuadezhenqingzaiqingchanpin。shixianjishuxitonghulianhutong,quebaoyingjiguanlibumenduidizhenxitong、dizhenxianchanggongzuoduiheshehuicanyujigoudebianpinghuagaoxiaozhihui。

3.dizhenjinjijiuyuanhezaihouzhongjianjishubaozhang

jianlidizhenjinjijiuyuanhezaihouzhongjianjishubaozhangjizhi。jiaqiangdizhenxianchangyuzhenjiance、dizhenzhenqingqushiyanpanyucishengzaihaifenxi,weidizhenjinjijiuyuanjuecetigongjishuzhicheng。canjiajinjijiuyuanxingdong,fuzedizhenxianchangjianzhukangzhennenglihezaiqugongchengjiegouanquanjianding,zhichengjiuyuanrenyuankexueshijiu,zuidaxiandubaozhangjiuyuanxianchanganquan。canyukaizhanzhenhouzaihaisunshipinggu、cishengyanshengzaihaiyinhuanpaichajiweixianxingpinggu。canyugejizhengfuzaihouzhongjianguihuabianzhi,weizaihouhuifuzhongjiantigongdizhendizhizaihaiweixianqubirangtuhekangzhenshefangyaoqiu。

wu、jiakuaifazhanxiandaidizhenjibenyewu

(yi)qianghuadizhenjianceyujingyewu

1.zonghedizhenjiance

fazhanyoucezhenguancewanghezhongli、xingbian、dianci、dixialiutidengdiqiuwuliguancewangzuchengdejiyuehuaguancexitong,shixianluji、haiji、kongjihetianjixiediaobuju,xingchengfugaiwoguohailujizhoubiandiqudegaojingdu、gaoshikongfenbianlv、litihuadexiandaihuazonghedizhenjiancetixi。youhuahewanshanlujiguancexitong,kaizhanhuodongkuaitibianjiedaidengdizhenyifaquhezaihaigaofengxianqudejiamiguance,zengqiangqingzanggaoyuandengzhandianxishuquyuhehaiyudejiancenengli。jianshejiyuweixing、wurenjihefeitingdengkongjiguancexitong,fazhanshenjingguancehehaijiguancexitong,wanshanhuoshanhuodongjiancexitong。tongchouyingyongshehuihuajianceziyuan,jiaqiangshujuziliaogongxianghezhiliangguanli,youxiaotigaojiancefugaifanwei。

2.zhanwangbujuyuyunweibaozhang

goujiankexuedepinggutixi,youhuazhanwangbuju。fazhanjianceshujuzaixianzhikongjiyuchulijishu,tigaojianceshujukekaoxinghewendingxing。kaizhanjiancexitongxingnengheyewuyunxingmoshidezonghepinggu,buduantishengtaiwangyunxingzhilianghexiaoyi。jianchengxinxihuadezhuangbeibaozhangyewu,jianlijiancexitongbiaozhuntixihezhiliangguanlitixi,wanshanjiancexitongjiliangjiandingyewu,tigaojiliangjiandingnengli。

3.dizhensubaoyuyujing

fazhandizhencanshukuaisucedinghexinxikuaisufabujishu,jianlifugaiquanmian、jingzhunjishideluhaiyitihuadizhenzaihaisubaoyewuxitong,zaidizhenyifaqugoujiangaodujicheng、shishijiankong、miaojixiangyingdedizhenyujingyewuxitong,tigongluyu、jinhaiyudizhenjiancesubaoyujinghehaixiaoyujingxinxi。wanshanhuoshanhuodongyujingyewuxitong,jianlizhenduifeitianrandizhenyinqidedaxingdimianzhendongshijiandesubaoxitong,fazhanjian(gou)zhuwuhezhongdagongchengdizhenpohuaizhuangtaishishijianceyujingxitong,tigongsubaoyujingxinxi。

(er)jianquandizhenzaihaifengxiandiaochapingguyewu

1.dizhenzaihaifengxiandiaocha

fazhanhuodongduancengkongjianweizhihejingxijiegoutanchajishu,xiangxitanchaquanguoluyudizhenhuodongduancengjishenbudizhengouzaohuanjing,zhangwodizhenhuodongduancengfenbu、texing。kaizhanhaiyangdizhenfengxianjichutance,youjinjiyuanzhubuchaqingzhoubianhaiyudizhengouzaohuanjing。fazhanjianzhujiegoudizhensunshangshibiejishu,quanmianzhangwodizhenyifaqufangwusheshidizhenzaihaifengxianjichuxinxi。kaizhandizhengongchengdizhitiaojiandiaocha,chaqingquanguodianxinggongchengchangditezheng。

2.dizhenzaihaifengxianpinggu

fazhandizhenzaihaifengxianpinggujishu,dingqibianzhiduochidu、gaojingdudewoguodalujihaiyudizhendongcanshuquhuatu、quanguojiquyuchangdidizhendizhizaihaiquhuatuhedizhenzaihaifengxianquhuatu。kaizhandizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhiquhua,tichuquanguojiquyudeduocengji、duoshuizhundizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhicuoshi。kaizhanzhongdagongchengdizhenzaihaifengxianpingguhequyuxingdizhenzaihaifengxianpinggu,kexuequedingjianshegongchengkangzhenshefangyaoqiu。jianlidizhenzaihaifengxianpinggumoxing,kaizhandizhenjixiangguancishengzaihaiquanguochengmoniyufengxianpinggu。

(san)tishengdizhenyucekexueshuiping

1.dizhenyucejishu

youhuadizhenzhangzhongduanlinhezhenhouqushiyuceyewu,wanshanxianyoujishufangfatixi,fazhandizhenyucexinjishuxinfangfa。chongfenliyongdizhendizhi、diqiuwulitancehelishidizhendengziliao,goujiandizhenyunyufashengdewulimoxing,jianlishiyingquyugouzaotediandedizhenbeijingfashenglvmoxing,fazhandizhenshuzhigailvyucejishu,yanpanweilaishinianchidudeqiangzhenfashenggailv。zaizhangqidizhengailvyucedejichushang,kexuekeguanshibiedizhenqianzhaoyichang,zongheyunyongduozhongyucejishufangfa,yanpanweilaiyue、ji、nianchidudefazhengailv。

2.zhenqinghuishang

jianshequanguoyitihuazhenqingfenxihuishangjishupingtai,wanshanzhenqinghuishangjizhi。qianghuazhangzhongduanlingundonghuishanghekaifangshihuishang,zhubutuijinzhangqiyucejieguoxiangshehuigongkai。yijugouzaodanyuanhedizhenzhongdianweixianqu,xingchengzhenqingjianshigenzongxiezuoqu,jianquanzhenli、zhongdazhenqinghejieduanxingjianshigenzonggongzuozongjiezhidu。wanshanyuceyewupingjiatixi,jianlizhenqingfenxihuishangjishufangfazhunrutuichupingjiaguize,dingqikaizhandizhenyucexiaonengpinggu。

(si)tuozhanyingyongyewu

1.yingyongfuwujishu

fazhanjingzhungaoxiaodejianceyujingxinxifuwujishu,jianlimanzubutongyonghuxuqiudejianceyujingfuwuxitong。fazhanjiyudilixinxidedizhenzaihaifengxianxinxiguanliyufuwujishu,goujianbaohanhuodongduancengtancha、chengzaitidiaocha、fengxianpingguyuquhuadedizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhifuwuxitong。fazhandizhenyifaqudejian(gou)zhuwuhezhongdagongchengdizhenpohuaizhuangtaishishijiancejishu,kaizhandizhenzaihaidinglianghuafengxiandongtaipinggu。fazhanzhongdagongchengjiegoudizhenanquanjianceyujiankangzhenduanjishu、dizhendizhizaihaiyifaquhedizhencishengzaihaiweixianyuandongtaijiancejishu,tuidongzhongdagongchengdizhenzaihaifengxianshishiyujing。jichengdizhenxitongneiwaidizhenzaihaishuju,xingchengdizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhijichushujuku,goujianshikongjingxihua、duoyaosu、wufengxidefangzhenjianzaifuwujichushujuyunpingtai。fazhanmianxiangxinmeitidefangzhenjianzaifuwuxinxichuanbojishu,jianlirongmeitihuanjingxiafangzhenjianzaifuwuxinxichuanbotixi。

2.xingyeyingyongyewu

mianxiangzhongdianxingyehelingyu,kaizhanzhongdagongchengdizhenzaihaifengxianpinggu、fangwusheshikangzhenjiagu、jiangezhen、feitianrandizhenjiancepinggu、dizhenjuzaibaoxianjishuzhichengdengxingyeyingyongyewu,goujianjiyuehua、dinglianghua、jingxihuadeyewuxitong。mianxiangtedaqiaoliang、gaocengjianzhu、daxingjichangdengchaodaxingjiegou,kaizhangongchengjiankangzhenduanyingyongyewu。mianxianggaotie、zhangshuguanxian、guidaojiaotongdengshengmingxiangongchengheshuiku、daba、hediandengzhongyaosheshi,jianlizhongdagongchengdizhenzaihaijinjichuzhixitong,kaizhanjianceyujingyingyongyewu。mianxianghuapo、tantayijibaozhadeng,kaizhanfeitianrandizhenjianceyingyongyewu。

liu、jiaqiangdizhenxinxihuajianshe

(yi)jianquanjiyuegaoxiaodedizhenxinxiyewutixi

1.dizhenxinxihuayewubuju

goujianyuguojiayingjiguanlixinxihuaguihuaxiangxiediaotongyidedizhenxinxihuayewubuju,cujindizhenyewujiyuehua、guanlikexuehua、fuwuzhihuihua。chixutuijindizhenxinxihuanenglijianshe,goujianyunjiagouxiatongyidedizhenshujuhuanjing,xingchengdizhenyewu、fuwu、keyan、guanlide“yun+duan”bianpinghuayingyongmoshi,xianzhetishengdizhenxinxihuazhichengnengli。

2.yewuyingyonghefuwupingtai

qianghuashujuwajue、rengongzhineng、qukuailian、5gdengxinxingxinxijishuzaijianceyujing、dizhenyuce、zaihaifengxiandiaochapinggudenglingyudeyingyong,jiakuaidizhenyewuxitonggengxinhuandai,chixutishengdizhenyewuxinxihuahezhinenghuashuiping。fazhanmianxiangxinmeitidedizhenfuwuxinxichuanbojishu,jianliquanmeitironghefazhandedizhenfuwuxinxichuanbotixi。jianshemianxiangzhengfu、xingye、gongzhongdezonghedizhenxinxifuwuxitong,tigaojuecedekexuehuashuiping,tishengdizhenxinxifuwuxingyehegongzhongdenengli。

(er)tishengdizhenshujuzhiliangyugongxiangshuiping

1.jichushujutongyiguankong

wanshandizhenguanceshujuliu,jiaqiangduoyuanshujuguanli,huijuquanjuquanliangshuju,anxufenfa。anzhaotongyibiaozhunduiyuanshishujujinxingyuchuli、zhiliangfenxihechanpinjiagong,shixianshujuchanpingeshitongyi。jiaqiangshujuzhiliangkongzhi,shixiancongcaijiduandaofuwuduanquanliuchengzaixiankeshihuashishijiankong。

2.xinxiziyuanzhengheyugongxiang

duijieyingjiguanlidashujuzhongxin,jiansheguojiadizhendashujuzhongxin,huijigeleidizhenshujujigejichanpin,guangfanshoujifangzhenjianzaisuoxuxingyeshujuheshehuishuju,zhenghexinxiziyuan。jianlidizhenshujuzhilitixi,shixiancongshujucaijichuanshu、huijifenfa、cunchuchuli、chanpinjiagongdengquanshengmingzhouqizhili。jianquanshujugongxiangfuwutixi,mianxiangshehuijingjijianshe、xingyebumen、kexueyanjiudeng,tigonggexinghua、dingzhihuadezhutichanpinshuju。

(san)zengqiangdizhenzhengwuguanlixinxihuanengli

1.zhengwuguanlixinxipingtai

jianshetongyidedizhenzonghezhengwuguanlixinxixitong,goujianbiaozhunhuadexingzhengguanlixinxiziyuanku,tigaorichangbangong、renshiguanlihecaiwuguanlidengzidonghuashuiping,jiaqiangshujuhuijihefenxinengli,shixianxianghuliantong、shujugongxiang、dongtaikekonghejishihuoqu,weikexuejuecetigongshujuzhichenghefuwu。

2.xinmeiti

jiaqiangdizhenxinmeitizhengwuxinxishujufuwupingtaijianshe,gaijindizhenxitongmenhuwangzhan,fahuiweibo、weixinhekehuduandengxinmeitidezuoyong,zuohaoxinxifabu、banshifuwudeng“hulianwang+zhengwufuwu”gongzuo,shenrutuijinjuecegongkai、zhixinggongkai、guanligongkai、fuwugongkai、jieguogongkai,manzuzhengwuxinxifabu、wangshangshenpi、yudifangzhengfuxietongbangongdexuyao。goujian“liangweiyiduan”yingxianglipaixingbangfabujizhi,jishifanyinggejigouxinmeitiyunyingqingkuang,cujindizhenxitongxinmeitijianshe。

(si)wanshandizhenxinxihuayunxingbaozhang

1.xinxijichusheshi

chongfenliyongguojiayingjiguanlixinxihuajichusheshiziyuan,buduantuijingongjiangongxiangheshenduronghe,jianquanyunxingweihuheguanlitixi,zengqiangdizhenxinxihuajichusheshizhichengnengli,shixianxinxihuajichusheshiziyuantongjiangongxiang。yunyongwulianwangdengjishu,zengqiangdizhenxinxiganzhinengli,shixiandizhenxinxidongtaijiancehezhinengganzhi。

2.xinxianquanbaozhang

qianghuaxinxiwangluoanquanguihua,jianquandizhenxinxiwangluoanquanzhidutixi,zuohaodizhenxinxixitongdengjibaohudingjiheheguixingjianshe。hangshixinxiwangluoanquanjichu,quanmiantishengxinxixitongfengxianshibieheanquanfanghunengli,baozhanggeleixinxixitonganquankekaoyunxing。

qi、jiaqiangdizhenkejichuangxin

(yi)shishiguojiadizhenkejichuangxingongcheng

lianhequanxingyenaizhiguoneiwaidekejililiang,kaizhanxietonggongguan。shishi“toumingdiqiao”jihua,zhuburenshihuodongduancengxixing、huodongdikuaiyundongjixianghuzuoyongguocheng;shishi“jiepoudizhen”jihua,shenhuaduidizhenyunyufashengguilvderenshi;shishi“renxingchengxiang”jihua,yanfahetuiguangxianjinkangzhenfangzaijishu,tigaochengxiangdedizhenzaihairenxing;shishi“zhihuifuwu”jihua,yanfagexinghuahejingzhunhuadefangzhenjianzaigonggongfuwuxinchanpin。jianshezhongguodizhenkexueshiyanchang,kaizhancongdizhenpolieguochengdaogongchengjiegouxiangyingquanliantiaoyanjiuhedaluqiangzhendexitongyanjiu,fazhandizhenkexuelilunyujichumoxing,chanchuyipijuyouguojiyingxiangdeyuanchuangchengguo,zhichengheyinlingdizhenyewuzhuanxingshengji。

(er)zuzhizhongdianlingyukejigongguan

mianxiangdizhenkexueqianyan,yanjiuzhongguodaluzhuyaodizhendaiheqiangzhenweixianqudizhengouzaodebianxingtezheng、dizhengouzaodeshenbujiegouhehuanjing,shenhuaduizhongguodaluxianjingouzaobianxinghedongliguochengderenshi,zaidaluqiangzhenjilihedizhenchengzaijilidengguanjiankexuewentiqudetupoxingjinzhan。jianlidizhengailvyucefangfaheshuzhidizhenyucemoxing,kaizhandizhendashujujianmohechaosuanmoniyanjiu,zaijiyudizhenwuliguochengdeshuzhiyucefangmianqudejieduanxingtupo。kaizhandizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhiguanjiangongxingjishugongguan,yanjiuzhongtedadizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhijishu,fenxiwoguozhuyaoleixingchengzaitidizhenpohuaijili,yanfaxianjingaoxiaodechengxiangzhenhaifengxianyurenxingkangzhennenglipinggujishu,fazhanxinyidaichengxiangkangzhenrenxingtishenglilunyujishu。zhenduidalujia、daojiaodengjinhaihaiyugongchengjianshexuqiu,fazhanhaiyugongchenggouzhuwudedizhenzaihaifengxianpinggujishu。jiadajishuzhuangbeiyanfadezizhuchuangxin,fazhanshenjingcezhen、xingbian、liutihediancidengzonghediqiuwuliguancejishu,yanfajuyouguojishuipingdejishuzhuangbei。

(san)wanshandizhenkejichuangxintixi

wanshan“5+6+1+n”dizhenkejichuangxintixibuju,jianqiangzhongguodizhenjuzhishuyanjiusuo,zujianquyuyanjiusuo,dazaoshenzhenyanjiuyuan,jiaqiangguojiazhongdianshiyanshihezhongguodizhenjuzhongdianshiyanshi、gongchengjishuzhongxindenggeleixietongchuangxinpingtaijianshe。goujiankaifangduoyuandedizhenkejichuangxingeju,fahuiguojiajiyanjiuyuansuo、gaoxiaoxuekeherencaiyoushi,nulizhanlingdizhenkejidequanqiuzhigaodian。diaodongbumenhedifangjijixing,zhenduixingyehequyuxuqiu,tuozhandizhenkejifuwulingyu。fahuishichangzhutizuoyong,zhichiqiyetishengdizhenkejiyiqizhuangbeishuiping,chanchufengfuduoyangdedizhenkejichanpin。gulixuehuixiehui、shehuizuzhihegongzhongcanyudizhenkejichuangxinhuodong。fahuigeleizhikujikejizhongjiejigouzaizhilizixunhechuangxinfuwufangmiandezuoyong。

(si)yingzaodizhenkejichuangxinhuanjing

zhashishenhuakejitizhigaige,tishengchuangxintixixiaoneng,zhelijifachuangxinhuoli。jianlizhizemingque、pingjiakexue、kaifangyouxu、guanliguifandexiandaiyanjiusuozhidu,kuodayanjiusuozaikeyangangweiguanli、jigoutuanduishezhi、jixiaokaohejifenpei、zhichengpingshen、chengguozhuanhua、rencaiyinjin、zijinguanlidengfangmiandezizhuquan。gaigekejipingjiazhidu,jianliyikejichuangxinzhiliang、gongxian、huoyueduweidaoxiangdefenleipingjiatixi,quanmiankeguandipingjiakejichuangxinchengguodekexuejiazhi、jishujiazhi、jingjijiazhi、shehuijiazhi、wenhuajiazhi。jiadakejichengguozhuanhualidu,wanshankejichengguozhuanhuazizhujizhi,jianliguifanheli、jiliyouxiaodekejichengguozhuanhuayingyongshouyifenpeijizhi。

(wu)jiadaguojijiaoliuhezuo

chuangxinguojijiaoliuhezuomoshi,xuanchuantuiguangfangzhenjianzailingyudezhongguojingyanhezhongguozhihui,jijikaizhandizhenyuanwaigongzuoheguowaizhiliyinjin。jujiao“yidaiyilu”,goujianduocengcifangzhenjianzaihezuojizhi,shishiquyudizhenanquanbaozhanggongcheng,zhashituijindizhenjiancetaiwangjianshe、dizhenanquanfuwu、dizhenkejilianhegongguandengzhongdaxingdong,tuidongyuyanxiangeguoshenduhezuo。jijicanyuguojizuzhikuangjiaxiadefangzhenjianzaishiwu,gonggubingshenhuashuangduobianwushihezuo,kuoda“yidaiyilu”fangzhenjianzaihezuofushemian。

ba、qianghuafazhijiansheherencaifazhan

(yi)tishengfangzhenjianzaiyifaguanlinengli

1.fangzhenjianzaifalvfaguitixi

anzhaoyingjiguanlilifatixikuangjiafangantongyibushu,jiaqiangfangzhenjianzaifazhijianshedingcengshejiheqianzhanyanjiu,zhidingfangzhenjianzaifalvtixikuangjia,jianchengyifangzhenjianzaifaweizhugan,yifaguiweizhichengdefangzhenjianzaifalvfaguitixi。jiakuaituijindizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhi、dizhenyujingdengfangmiandefaguiguizhangjianshe。wanshanfangzhenjianzaiguojiaguihua、zhuanxiangguihua、shengjiguihuaxiangjiehedefazhanguihuatixi,tigaoguihuadeyinlingxing、zhidaoxingheyueshuxing。

2.fangzhenjianzaiyifaxingzheng

lvxingfadingjianduguanlizhize,yifayindaoheguifanquanshehuicanyufangzhenjianzaigongzuo。shenrukaizhanpufaxuanguan,chixukaizhanfazhipeixun,tuidongquanshehuigongtongyingzaolianghaodefangzhenjianzaifazhihuanjing。shenhuaxingzhengzhifagaige,yixingzhengzhifagongshi、quanguochengjilu、zhongdazhifajuedingshenheweizhongdian,jianquanxingzhengzhifazhidu,guifanxingzhengzhifaxingwei。jianshe“hulianwang+jianguan”xitong,shishixingzhengshixiangzonghejianguan,qianghuafangzhenjianzaixingzhengguanlizhineng,tuijindizhenxitonggonggongfuwuqingdanluoshi,kaizhanfadingzhizelvxingchangtaihuajiandujiancha,quanmiantishengyifaxingzhengnengli。

3.fangzhenjianzaibiaozhunhuaguanli

jianquanbiaozhuntixi,jiakuaizhixiudingfangzhenjianzaiyewu、fuwuheguanlibiaozhun。buduanshenhuayu“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiashuangduobianhezuohehulianhutong,dalituidongdizhenbiaozhun“zouchuqu”,tuijinwoguoyoushi、teselingyudizhenbiaozhunxiangguojibiaozhundezhuanhua。jianlijianquankejiyubiaozhunhudongfazhandejizhi,cujinkejichengguoxiangbiaozhundezhuanhua。wanshanheyouhuadizhenbiaozhunzhixiudingchengxu,suoduanbiaozhunzhidingzhouqi,jiaqiangbiaozhunshishigenzongpinggu,jiakuaibiaozhungengxinsudu,qianghuabiaozhundezhiliangkongzhi,tishengbiaozhunshiyongxing。jinyibuqianghuabiaozhunzaixingyeguanli、shichangzhunruhezhiliangjianguanzhongdeyingyong,tigaofangzhenjianzaishehuizhilixiaoneng。

(er)cujinrencaiyouxianfazhan

1.dizhenrencaiduiwujianshe

dalishishidizhenrencaigongcheng,jianshegaosuzhi、chuangxinxingdizhenrencaiduiwu。jiaqiangyewujishuhekexueyanjiurencaiduiwujianshe,xingchenglingjunrencai、guganrencai、qingnianrencaizuchengdedizhenrencaiku,goujiandizhenxitongyouxiurencaitiduihechuangxintuandui,chongfenfahuichuangxintuanduizaiyanjiugongguanherencaipeiyangzhongdezuoyong。jiaqiangdizhenxitongganbuduiwujianshe,luoshixinshidaihaoganbubiaozhun,youhuaxuanrenyongrenjizhi,dazaogaosuzhizhuanyehuaganbuduiwu。

2.rencaifazhanhuanjing

jianli“yintianxiayingcaierjuzhi、jutianxiayingcaieryongzhi”dehuanjing。changtongguoneiwairencaijiaoliu、peiyang、hezuo、yinjinqudao,jianlilinghuoderencaiyinjin、shiyongheguanlijizhi。buduanwanshanjifarencaihuolidezhengce,shenhuazhichengpingpingaige,wanshanrencaifenleikaohepingjia,quanmianshishishiyedanweijixiaogongzizhidu,tuijinxingchengyouliyuyouxiurencaijingxiangchengzhang、gezhanqinengdefenwei。zuohaoganbupeiyu、xuanba、guanli、shiyonggongzuo,jianlichongshangshigan、daidongdandang、jiayougujingdezhengxiangjilijizhi。dadanqiyongganyufuze、yongyudandang、shanyuzuowei、shijituchudeganbu,peiyuhaoxuanyonghaoyouxiunianqingganbu。baohuganbuganshichuangyejijixing,guanxinguanaiganbu。tuidongdongbuyuxiburencaiganbujiaoliu。

3.jiaoyupeixun

shishidizhenduiwusuzhitishengjihua,jianliyidizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhi、yingjiguanliweitesedejiaoyupeixuntixi。chongfenfahuiyanjiuyuansuo、gaoxiaozaijiansheyiliuxueke、peiyangyiliurencaizhongdeqiantouzuoyongherencaijiaoyupeixunzhongdeguganzuoyong。jiaqiangpeixunshizi、jiaocaihetiaojianpingtaijianshe,tishengjiaoyupeixunshuiping。guifanjiaoyupeixunjihua、shishihepinggugongzuo。

jiu、baozhangcuoshi

(yi)jiaqiangzuzhilingdao

jiaqiangdangduixinshidaifangzhenjianzaishiyexiandaihuajianshedelingdao。zhongguodizhenjuchenglixiandaihuajianshelingdaoxiaozu,fuzegangyaoshishidetongchouxiediao。gedanweidangzu(dangwei)yaorenzhenluoshizhutizeren,xihuaxiandaihuajianshederenwucuoshi,quebaogangyaorenwuyouxutuijin,mubiaoruqishixian。

(er)tuijinshenhuagaige

anzhaozhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigedeyaoqiu,jujiaodizhenzaihaifengxianfangzhitixihefangzhinenglixiandaihua,shenhuazaihaifengxianfangzhi、jibenyewu、kejichuangxin、shehuizhilidenglingyugaige,buduanwanshantizhijizhi。bashenhuagaigetongxiandaihuajianshejieheqilai,zhuzhongxitongxing、zhengtixing、xietongxing,quebaoshenhuagaigehexiandaihuajianshetongbutuijin,buduanjifashiyefazhanhuolihedongli。

(san)jianquantourubaozhang

jianchihewanshanshuangzhongjihuacaiwutizhi,jiakuaiwanshanfangzhenjianzaigonggongfuwugongjidezhongyangyudifangcaizhengshiquanhezhichuzerenhuafen,jinyibumingquedizhenshiquanhexiangyingdezhichuzeren,zengqiangshiquanyuzhichuzerenhuafendegangxing,jianlixiangshiyingdecaizhengzijintourujizhi。tuokuanzijintouruqudao,chouhuashishijuyouquanjuxing、zhangyuanxingyingxiangdezhongdiangongchenghezhongdianxiangmu。

(si)jiaqianggenzongpinggu

jianlijianquanjianchapingguzhidu,zuoweituijinxiandaihuajianshedekaoheyiju。jianlihewanshanxiandaihuapingjiazhibiaotixihepingjiazhidu,genzongxiandaihuajianshedexianshishuipinghefazhanqushi。jiaqiangzhixingqingkuangdejiandujiancha。


解读: 《新时代防震减灾事业现代化纲要(2019-2035年)》



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