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《防震减灾规划(2016-2020年)》解读
时间:  2020-11-06 09:44:29       来源:  

《fangzhenjianzaiguihua(2016-2020nian)》jiedu


guojiafazhangaigewei、zhongguodizhenjulianheyinfale《fangzhenjianzaiguihua(2016-2020nian)》(yixiajiancheng《guihua》)。weilejinyibuzengjinduiguihuadelijie、tuijinguihualuoshi,zhongguodizhenjuxiangguanfuzerenjiuyouguanqingkuangjinxinglejiedu。

yi、weishenmeyaobianzhi《guihua》?

fangzhenjianzaishiguanrenminshengmingcaichananquanhejingjishehuifazhan,shibaozhangquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidezhongyaohuanjie,shihengliangzhizhengdanglingdaoli、jianyanzhengfuzhixingli、pingpanguojiadongyuanli、tixianminzuningjulidezhongyaofangmian。yinci,bianzhi《guihua》,zhidaoquanguo“shisanwu”fangzhenjianzaishiyefazhan,juyoushifenzhongyaodeyiyi。

(一)编制《规划》是落实党中央决策部署的要求。“十三五”是全面建成小康社会的http://theaword.net/system/202011/315686.html决胜阶段,党中央提出治国理政新理念新思想新战略,将公共安全体系建设放在更加突出位置,要求牢固树立安全发展观念,建设平安中国。习近平总书记、李克强总理等中央领导同志多次就防震减灾工作做出重要指示,要求牢固树立灾害风险管理和综合减灾理念,坚持以防为主、防抗救相结合,坚持常态减灾和非常态救灾相统一,努力实现从注重灾后救助向注重灾前预防转变,从应对单一灾种向综合减灾转变,从减少灾害损失向减轻灾害风险转变。这些要求必须要在规划中加以落实。

(er)bianzhi《guihua》shifuwuguominjingjiheshehuifazhandexuyao。《guihua》jinjinweirao“wuweiyiti”dezongtibujuhe“sigequanmian”zhanlvebuju,yichuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangwudafazhanlinianweiyinling,yidizhenzhongdianjianshifangyuquheqiangzhenduofaquweizhongdian,mingqueweilai5nianfangzhenjianzaishiyefazhandezhidaosixiang、mubiaorenwu、gongzuojucuo,shifuwuguojia“shisanwu”guominjingjiheshehuifazhandezhongyaotixian。

(san)bianzhi《guihua》shifuwurenmindizhenanquanxuqiudejucuo。fangzhenjianzaishidangheguojiadeyixiangshehuigongyixingshiye,shigejizhengfuxiangquanshehuitigongdeyixiangzhongyaodegonggongfuwu。zai《guihua》bianzhizhong,womenxinzhongshizhongzhuangzherenmin,gongzuoshizhongweiraozherenmin,jinzhijinze、jianshoufengxian,tuidong“shisanwu”fangzhenjianzaishiyegenghaodifazhan,nulibarenminqunzhongduidizhenanquandeqidaibianchengwomenfangzhenjianzaidechixuxingdong。

er、《guihua》bianzhijiyushenmeyangdebeijing?

《guihua》shi《zhongguoguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisangewunianguihuagangyao》zaifangzhenjianzailingyudeyanshenhexihua。《guihua》zhuyaojiyuwoguoduozhenzaideguoqinghefangzhenjianzaishiyefazhandexianzhuangbianzhi。

(yi)zhenzaiyanzhongshiwoguodejibenguoqingzhiyi。woguodichuouyadizhendaihehuantaipingyangdizhendaizhijian,dizhenpindugao、qiangduda、fenbuguang、zaihaizhong。benshijiyilai,xiangjifashenglewenchuan、yushu、lushan、ludiandengzhongtedadizhenzaihai。“shisanwu”qijian,woguozhenqingxingshiyiranyanjun,xibudiqurengranchuyu7jiyishangqiangzhendehuoyueshiduan,dongbudiqucunzaifasheng 6 jiyishangdizhendekeneng。dizhenzaihaiduirenminshengmingcaichananquanheshehuiwendingdeweixieyanjun,shehuigongzhongduidizhenanquandeyaoqiugengjiapoqie。

(er)jingjishehuifazhanmianlindezhenzaifengxiangao。woguo“yidaiyilu”jianshe、jingjinjixietongfazhanhezhangjiangjingjidaifazhansandazhanlvedebufenzhongdianquyuhexinxingchengzhenhuaguihuazhongdebufenchengshiqunsheji 7 jihuo 7 jiyishangqiangzhenqianzaizhenyuanquyu。yixiezhichengjingjifazhanhechanyejiegoudiaozhengdezhongyaojichusheshi、zhongdaxiangmu、zhongdiankeyansheshihezhuangbeidengmianlinzhedizhenzaihaifengxian。woguoguangdanongcundiquminjukangzhenshefangboruo,rongyizaocheng“xiaozhenzhizai、zhongzhendazai、dazhenjuzai”dezhuangkuang。

(san)fangzhenjianzaigongzuoyoulianghaodejichu。zaidangzhongyang、guowuyuandelingdaoxia,jinshinianlai,tebieshi“shierwu”qijian,woguodefangzhenjianzaigongzuoqudelexianzhechengjiu,qudelewenchuan、yushu、lushan、ludiandengzhongtedadizhenzaihaikangzhenjiuzaigongzuodeweidashengli。zaiciqijian,yeshishileyixiezhongdiangongchengxiangmu,zaifangzhenjianzaijichusheshijianshe、dizhenjichudiaochatance、kejichuangxindengfangmiandouyoulezhangzudejinbu,weifangzhenjianzaizonghenenglidejinyibutishengdiandinglejianshidejichu。

san、《guihua》debianzhiyoushenmetedian?

yiwangdefangzhenjianzaiwunianguihuazhuyaoyoudizhenbumenbianzhi,jujiaoyudizhenxingyefazhan。ben《guihua》youguojiafazhangaigeweihezhongguodizhenjulianhebianzhi,tuchutixianleyixiajigetedian。

(yi)tuchudingcengsheji。《guihua》dingweiwei“shisanwu”shiqifangzhenjianzailingyudezongtiguihua,《guihua》congquanmiantigaowoguodizhenzaihaizonghefangfannengli,fuwuguojiajingjishehuifazhan、baozhangrenminshengmingcaichananquanchufa,duiquanguodefangzhenjianzaigongzuojinxingtongchoumouhuahekexuebuju,weiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuitigonggengjiayoulidedizhenanquanbaozhang。

(er)tuchukaifanghezuo。《guihua》bianzhizi2014nian4yueqidong,womenshenrugedikaizhandiaoyan,yaoqingzhuanjiajizhongyantao。guihuawenbenshouxianzhengqiufangzhenjianzaigelingyuzhuanjiahe31gesheng(qu、shi)deyijianjianyi,jiaqiangyudifangdexianjie。2016nian2yuehe9yue,zhongguodizhenjuheguojiafazhangaigeweixianhoujiu《guihua》zhengqiuxiangguanxingye、buweideyijianjianyi,jiaqiangxiangguangongzuoduijie。guojiafazhangaigeweiyuzhongguodizhenjulianhebianzhiguihua,jifahuilehongguanbumenyoushi,youfahuilefangzhenjianzaizhuanyebumendeyoushi,yebaqitaxiangguanxingyebumendefangzhenjianzaigongzuonaru《guihua》,tongguokaifanghezuozengqiangle《guihua》dequanmianxinghexiediaoxing。

(san)tuchuruanyingjiehe。《guihua》zunxunguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadeyaoqiu,jikaolvjiaqiangfangzhenjianzaijichusheshijianshe,tongguozhuanxianggongchengdeshouduan,buduantigaofangzhenjianzaixiandaihuashuiping,tishengfangzhenjianzaide“yingshili”,yegengjiazhuzhongtongguojiaqiangfazhi、wenhuajianshe,zengqiangshehuigongzhongdefangzhenjianzaiyishi,fahuishehuizuzhizaifangzhenjianzaigongzuozhongdezuoyong,tisheng“ruanshili”。

(si)tuchuyouxiaoxianjie。《guihua》bianzhiguochengzhong,womenrenzhenxuexiguanchexijinpingzongshuji2016nian7yue28rizaihebeitangshanshikaochashidezhongyaojianghuajingshen,jiaqiangyuguojiafangzaijianzaibumendeshenrugoutong。《guihua》chongfenkaolvleguojiayingyatiyufangzaijianzaijiuzaidezhanlvebushu,chongfentixianle《zhonggongzhongyangguowuyuanyingyatiyutuijinfangzaijianzaijiuzaitizhijizhigaigedeyijian》yiji《guojiazonghefangzaijianzaiguihua(2016-2020nian)》dezongtiyaoqiuhezhuyaoneirong。zhongguodizhenjurenzhenzhidaoshengjifangzhenjianzaiguihuadebianzhi,chengjiehao《guihua》quedingderenwu。ciwai,zhongguodizhenjuhaizhuanmenzhidingledizhenjianceyubaodeng6gezhuanxiangguihua,zuoweidui《guihua》dexihuaheluoshi。youliyu《guihua》quedingderenwuhexiangmuzaigediqu、gebumendegongzuozhongdeyiluoshi,youliyufahuigediqu、gebumendejijixing,baozhangguihuamubiaodeshixian。

si、“shisanwu”fazhanmubiaoshiruhekaolvde?

zaizhiding《guihua》fazhanmubiaoshi,womenrenzhenluoshizhongyangyingyatiyufangzhenjianzaigongzuodejutiyaoqiu,tongchoukaolvwoguodezongheguolihefangzhenjianzainenglishuiping,shenrukaizhanyanjiucesuan,caiyongdingxinghedingliangxiangjiehedefangshiquedingfazhanmubiaohexihuazhibiao。

(yi)zhelituijinfangzhenjianzaiguanlitixihua,tishengfangzhenjianzaixiandaihuashuipinghekejichuangxinshuiping。《guihua》renzhenluoshidangdeshibadayingyatiyujiaqiangfangzaijianzaitixijianshe、tigaodizhenzaihaifangyunenglideyaoqiu,batishengdizhenzaihaizonghefangfannenglizuoweigenben,daoshisanwumo,shixiandizhenjianceyubao、zhenzaiyufang、yingjijiuyuantixixiaonengxianzhe,kejichuangxinqudonggengjiayouli。zaicijichushang,quedingleyixiliezhibiao: quanguodizhenjiancenenglidadao2.0ji、lizhengshixianyoujianzaishixiaodeduanlinyubao,dizhengaofengxiandiqunongcunminjukangzhennenglidafutisheng、chengshidizhenzaihaifengxianshuipingyouxiaojiangdi,zaidaluqiangzhenjiliyuyucejishu、dizhenchengzaijiliyujianzaijishudengfangmiandadaoguojixianjinshuipingdeng。

(er)zhelishenhuafangzhenjianzaishiyegaige,wanshanfangzhenjianzaitizhijizhi。《guihua》renzhenluoshishibajiesanzhongquanhuiyingyatiyuquanmianshenhuagaige、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadezongtiyaoqiu,tongguowanshanfangzhenjianzaitizhijizhi,daoshisanwumo,xiandaihuafangzhenjianzaizhilitixichubuxingcheng。zaicijichushang,quedingyixiliezhibiao: fangzhenjianzaifalvfaguihebiaozhuntixijibenjianquan、fangzhenjianzaiduoyuanzerenzhutidequanzeheyiwumingqueqingxi,zhengfuzhudao、duoyuangongzhi、xiediaoguifan、yunxinggaoxiaodefangzhenjianzaigongzuojizhijibenxingcheng,shehuizuzhi、jicengzizhizuzhihegongzhongzaifangzhenjianzaizhongdezuoyongxianzhetishengdeng。

(san)zhelituijinfangzhenjianzaifuwushehuihua、biaozhunhuahexinxihua,jianliwanshandegonggongfuwuwangluohefuwujizhi。《guihua》renzhenluoshi《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisangewunianguihuagangyao》yingyatiyuzengjiagonggongfuwugongji、fengfufuwuchanpin、tigaofuwuzhiliangdeyaoqiu,jinjinniuzhugonggongfuwude“niubizi”,zhuanguannian、buduanban、qiangfuwu,dao“shisanwu”mo,shixianfangzhenjianzaigonggongfuwunengliquanmiantigao。zaicijichushang,quedingleyixiliezhibiao: tigongzhongdiandiqufenzhongjiyiqiliedufuwuhemiaojidizhenyujingfuwu,dizhenquhua、huoduancengtancehezhongdagongchengdizhenanquanxingpingjiadengchengguoguangfanfuwuyukongjianguihua、guotuliyonghezhongdagongchengjianshe,zhenhou1xiaoshineitigongzhenzaikuaisupinggujieguo、2xiaoshineitigongrenyuanshangwang、fangwupohuaichubuxinxihefuzhujuecejianyideng。

wu、《guihua》zhuyaorenwushiruhequedingde?

weiraofazhanmubiaodeshixian,《guihua》quedingletishengsandanengli、tuijinsandajianshe、qianghuasandazhicheng,gongjiudarenwu。

(yi)dizhenjianceyuceyujing、dizhenzaihaifangyu、dizhenyingjijiuyuangouchenglefangzhenjianzaisandahexinnengli。zi2000nianyilai,guowuyuantichuleqieshijianlijianquandizhenjianceyubao、dizhenzaihaiyufang、dizhenyingjijiuyuansandagongzuotixiderenwu。zaidangzhongyang、guowuyuandelingdaoxia,shijinianlaiwoguofangzhenjianzaisandagongzuotixirizhenjianquan,danyufadaguojiaxiangbi,yuguojiajingjishehuifazhanxuqiuxiangbi,fangzhenjianzainenglihaiyouyidingdechaju。yinci,tuijingongzuotixixiandaihua,dalitishengsandanengliyiranshifangzhenjianzaidezhongdian。weici,《guihua》jinyibumingquele“shisanwu”shiqisandanenglitishengdejutiyaoqiu。biru: jianshedizhenliedusubaoyuyujingxitong、kaizhanhuodongcengdiaochayutance、jiaqiangkangzhenjiuzaizhihuijigoujianshedeng。

(er)fazhi、gonggongfuwuhewenhuasandajiansheshifangzhenjianzaizhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadebiranyaoqiu。tongguotuijinfazhijianshe,jinyibuyifaguifanzhengfu、shehui、gongzhongcanyufangzhenjianzaixingwei,diaodonggefangjijixing,xingchengheli;tongguogonggongfuwuxiandaihua,youxiaotigaoquanshehuifangfandizhenfengxiandenengli;tongguotuijinfangzhenjianzaiwenhuajianshe,cujinquanshehuilaogushuliyirenweiben、shengmingzhishangdelinian,tigaoquanminfangzhenjianzaideyishihesuzhi。

(san)keji、rencai、xinxihuasandazhichengshiguojiachuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve、rencaixingyezhanlve、guojiaxinxihuazhanlvezaifangzhenjianzailingyudeluoshi。tongguodizhenkejichuangxin,jianliguojiadizhenkejichuangxintixi,zhelijifashiyefazhandehuoli。rencaishishiyefazhandediyiziyuan,tongguoshenrushishizhongyangtichuderencaixingyezhanlve,tigaofangzhenjianzairencaizhiliang、youhuarencaijiegou、cujinrencaibeichu。tongguoluoshiguojiaxinxihuafazhanzhanlvegangyao,jiakuaigoujianxiandaihuadedizhenxinxifuwutixi,rangshehuihequnzhongyougengduohuodegan。

liu、《guihua》zhongdiangongchengxiangmushiruhekaolvde?

benzhemibufangzhenjianzaishiyefazhanduanban,cujinguihuazhongdianmubiaozhibiaoshixiandeyuanze,《guihua》congtigongdizhenliedusubaoheyujingfuwu、qianghuanongcunminjukangzhennengli、jiaqiangfangzhenjianzaijichusheshijianshe、shenhuadizhenfengxianrenzhiheyanfafangzhenjianzaiguanjianjishudengfangmian,shezhile4gezhongdiangongchengxiangmu。

(yi)guojiadizhenliedusubaoyuyujinggongcheng。dizhenliedusubaoheyujingshijianqingheyingduizaihaideyouxiaoshouduan,shiluoshixijinpingzongshujiyingyatiyujiaqiangzaihaijianceyujinghefengxianfangfannenglijiansheyaoqiudezhongyaojucuo。muqian,dizhenliedusubaoheyujingjishuzairibendengduodizhendeguojiahediqudedaojiaohaodeyingyong。dizhenyujingshiliyongzhenzhongfujinmijidedizhentaiwang,kuaisugusuandizhenyingxiangfanweihechengdu,liyongdiancibochuanbosuduyuanyuankuaiyudizhenbochuanbosududeguilv,qiangzaipohuaixingdizhenbodaodazhenzhongzhoubiandiquzhiqian,fabujinggaoxinxi,weigongzhongjinjibixian、gaotie、hediandengzhongdagongchengjinjichuzhitigongzhichi,weizhenzaihoukexuegaoxiaodiaopeijiuzaililiang,zuidaxianduwanjiushengmingtigongfuwu。

bengongchengyiyu2015nian6yuetongguoguojialixiangpifu。zhuyaoneirongshijiansheguojiadizhenliedusubaoyuyujingxitong,shixiandizhenliedusubaoheyujinggongneng,xiangzhengfubumen、shehuigongzhongtigongquanguofenzhongjiyiqidizhenliedusubaohezhongdiandiqumiaojidizhenyujingfuwu。tongguogongchengjianshe,tuidongxingchengdizhenyujingtixi,jiaqiangwoguofangzaijianzaijiuzaikejizhichengnenglijianshe、jianquanfangzaijianzaijiuzaifazhitixi,cujinfangzaijianzaizhishidepuji。

(er)nongcunminjudizhenanquangongcheng。gaigongchengshiyixiangzhongdadefangzhenjianzaigongcheng,yeshiyixiangminxingongcheng,shiluoshiyifangweizhu、fangkangjiuxiangjiehedejutijucuo。gaigongchengdezhuyaoneirongshiduinongcunxinjianminjushicaiqukangzhencuoshi,duiyiyouweishefangdeminjujinxingjiagugaizao,jinertigaominjudekangzhennengli。woguonongcunminjudizhenanquangongchengzi2006niankaishishidian,shiduonianlai,qudelexianzhedejianzaixiaoyi。xinjiangnongcunminjudizhenanquangongchengjinglile50duoci6jizuoyoudizhendekaoyan,jibenshixianlingsiwang。zaiwenchuan、lushan、minxianzhangxiandengdizhenzhong,nongcunkangzhenanjufangwuyidaota,dadajianshaolerenyuanshangwang。2014nian,zhongyang1haowenjianmingqueyaoqiuzaiwoguodizhengaofengxianqushishinongcunminjudizhenanquangongcheng。

bengongchengtongchouxinnongcunjianshe、nongcunweijiufanggaizao、yiminbanqiandengshenongziyuan,zhongdiandui1800duowanhunongjujinxingkangzhenjiaguhuoxinjian。zheijiangyouliniuzhuanwoguonongcunminjushefangboruodezhuangkuang,gaibian“xiaozhenzhizai、zhongzhendazai、dazhenjuzai”dejumian。

(san)fangzhenjianzaijichusheshijiansheyugonggongfuwuxiangmu。fangzhenjianzaijichusheshishifangzhenjianzaishiyefazhandezhongyaojichu。benxiangmuzhuyaotongguodizhenguancexitongshengjikuojian、dizhenzaihaiyingjijiuyuanjichusheshijianshe、fangzhenjianzaixinxihuahegonggongfuwutixijianshe,tigaofuwuguojiajingjishehuifazhanhebaozhangrenminshengmingcaichananquandenengli。

benxiangmuzhongdianyoulianggefangmian: yishijianquanfugaiwoguoluyuhehaiyudizhenguancexitong,tishengfangzhenjianzaijichusheshidexiandaihuashuiping。ershichongfenliyongrixinyueyidexinxijishu,dafudutishengwoguodizhenguancedeshuzihua、wangluohua、zhinenghuashuiping,weigengjiayouzhi、gaoxiao、bianjiedefangzhenjianzaigonggongfuwutigongzhicheng,rangrenminqunzhongzhenqiediganshoudaofangzhenjianzaigongzuofuwuyuchengxiao,youxiaojiangdidizhenzaihaifengxianhedizhenzaihaisunshi。

(si)fangzhenjianzaijichutanchayukejichuangxinxiangmu。dizhendeyunyuhefashengzaitedingdedizhihediqiuwulihuanjingzhong。bixuyaokexuetanchadizhenyunyufashengdeguocheng,renzhidizhenzaihaifengxian,cainengcaiqukexueyouxiaodecuoshi,qieshiyufanghejianqingdizhenzaihaisunshi。

gaixiangmuyifangmianshitongguohuodongduancengtance、zonghediqiuwulichangguancehedizhenkexuetaizhenguancedengjichuxinggongzuo,chamingwoguodizhenhuodongdedizhihediqiuwulibeijing,shenhuaduidizhenyunyuhedizhenfengxiandekexuerenshi,xingchengdizhenquhuatudengzhongyaochengguo,weicaiquyouzhenduixingdefangzhenjianzaicuoshitigongyiju。lingyifangmianmianxiangjingjijianshezhuzhanchang、mianxiangguojiazhongdaxuqiu、mianxiangshijiedizhenkejiqianyan,weiraofangzhenjianzaihexinkejiwentiheguanjianjishukaizhangongguan,jinyibuyanjiufangzhenjianzaidexinjishu、xinshouduan,yikejichuangxinhekejijinbuzhichengfangzhenjianzainenglidechixutisheng。

qi、ruhebaozhangguihuadeshunlishishi?

yifenbushu,jiufenluoshi。fangzhenjianzaishiyixiangxitonggongcheng,xuyaoquanshehuidegongtongnuli,xuyaozhengfuzhudao、shehuixietong、gongzhongcanyu,ningjushishiheli。

(yi)zhengfuzhudao、bumenhezuoheshehuicanyuxiangjiehe。jiangfangzhenjianzainarudiqujingjishehuifazhandajuzhongtongchoumouhua,tuidongdifangrenwuxiangmuluodi。fagai、caizheng、minzheng、weisheng、gongandengxiangguanbumenanzhaozhineng,gefuqize,qianghuahezuo。fahuishehuizuzhi、qishiyedanweihezhiyuanzhedejijixinghezhudongxing,qianghuashichangzaifangzhenjianzaiziyuanpeizhizhongdezuoyong,yindaoshehuiziyuangengduogenghaodixiangfangzhenjianzaijuji。

(er)dizhenbumenrenzhenlvzhijinze,fahuihaoqiantouzuoyong。gejidizhenbumenyaoqianghuadajuyishihezerenyishi,chongfenfahuizishenzhinengzuoyong,quanlituijinguihuashishigongzuo。

(san)qianghuaguihuashishidegenzongjiancha。fahuigeleizhifajiancha、xingzhengjianchahebumenlianhezhuanxiangjianchadezuoyong,ducudifangfangzhenjianzaiguihuadeshishi,cujinguihuamubiaorenwudequanmianshixian。


国家综合防灾减灾规划(2016—2020年)


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